‘Bizarre’ standoff in Sabah

By Ellen Tordesillas

Jamalul Kiram III. AP photo by Aaron Favila.

Jamalul Kiram III. AP photo by Aaron Favila.

One report described the current standoff in Sabah as “bizarre”.

Bizarre indeed. The Philippines claims ownership of Sabah based on the title of the Sultan of Sulu on the territory. The heirs of Sultan of Sulu who obtained the land are taking possession of a portion of the area. The Philippine government said it has nothing to with the the action of the heirs.

The reaction of the Philippine government is bizarre if one takes it from the presumption that the Philippines is not abandoning its claim over Sabah.

Sabah-mapBut if there’s one thing that this “bizarre” incident has made clear, the Philippines is no longer interested to pursue its claim over Sabah.

The state of Sabah, with an area of 76,115 square kilometers, is the second largest member of the Federation of Malaysia. Of the more than 600,000 Filipinos in Malaysia, majority are in Sabah, most of them undocumented.

The Philippines claims ownership of Sabah based on the title of the Sultan of Sulu. Historical records state that in 1704, North Borneo, which includes Sabah, was given to the Sultan of Sulu by the Sultan of Brunei for helping him quell a rebellion.

In 1878, the Sultan of Sulu leased the territory to the British North Borneo Company. It was included when the Federation of Malaysia was formed in 1963.

The Philippine government, then under President Diosdado Macapagal brought the issue to the United Nations. In an UN-supervised referendum in 1963, majority of the people of Sabah preferred to be part of Malaysia.

But when Ferdinand Marcos became president, he tried to “retake” Sabah through Operation Merdeka which failed.

Relations between the Philippines and Malaysia became strained and only “normalized” during the administration of Fidel Ramos, who signed an agreement during a state visit to establish a consulate in Kota Kinabalu to take care of the numerous Filipinos in Sabah.

Ramos, however, was warned by his legal advisers that establishing a consulate in Sabah, which was eagerly encouraged by Malaysian officials, was tantamount to dropping the Sabah claim, which would violate the Constitution.

A consulate is established by a government only in a foreign country, not in its own territory.
Earlier, then Sen. Leticia Shahani filed a bil defining the Philippine baselines which didn’t mention Sabah. Shahani didn’t pursue the bill after it was widely criticized as an attempt to drop the Sabah claim.

The 2009 Philippine Baseline Law does not include Sabah but the Department of Foreign Affairs said “its non-inclusion in the country’s baseline does not mean dropping the Philippine claim on Sabah because it is reiterated in the new law that it does not prejudice the country’s claim to Sabah. “

Under the Estrada administration, another irritant with Malaysia arose when President Estrada received the wife of the detained Malaysia’s former Finance Minister Anwar Ibrahim during his state visit.

The idea of setting up a consulate in Kota Kinabalu was revived during the Arroyo administration, which enlisted the help of Malaysia in brokering talks with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. But like what happened during the Ramos administration the Sabah consulate idea fizzled out.

Reports said the armed supporters of Jamalul Kiram III, the current Sultan of Sulu started arriving in the seaside village of Tanduao in Lahad Datu in Sabah Feb. 12. That was also the time that Moro National Liberation Front forces were shooting it out with Abu Sayaff and the military just shrugged it off. Bizarre.

Kiram was quoted in news reports as saying that he was prompted to send the group to Sabah after his Sultanate was left out in the framework of agreement being worked out by the government with the MILF which would establish an autonomous Muslim area in Mindanao.

Malacanang said it is not condoning what the Kiram group is doing in asserting their claim over Sabah. Palace spokespersons described the Philippine claim on Sabah as “dormant.”

Like a dormant volcano, it could wake up from its slumber and explode.

Hoping and praying that the this Sabah issue is handled intelligently and doesn’t go beyond “bizarre.”


4 Responses. Have your say.

  1. Ben Oteyza says:

    I long remember about the Sabah as part of the Philippines in Borneo. This was given to the Philippines. There has been amicable relationship between Borneo [Brunei] and the Philippines. To remove the term “bizarre” the issue must be resolved. Is it Philippines territory, or Borneo?

  2. Don Azarias says:


    If the Philippines has a solid claim on Sabah based on legal documents from the heirs of Sultan of Sulu, why can’t the Philippines pursue its claim through the International Court?

    I remember when the Philippine authority first tried to assert its claim on Sabah several decades ago, it was shot down by Great Britain which was then the protectorate nation of Malaysia. Of course, the Philippines had, and still has, no match for the British, militarily.

    Maybe, instead of fighting a losing battle with China, regarding the Spratlys, the Aquino Administration should throw its support to the heirs of the Sultan of Sulu.

    I believe the Federation of Malaysia will abide by the International Court decision, whereas China won’t.


    • perry says:

      Hi Don,

      I’m trying to recall if the Philippine government — during the time of Macapagal or Marcos — had waived its Sabah claim. I’ll check the specifics on this one and probably write an op-ed.


  3. Nowor Never says:

    Where in the world can you find a consulate in its own territory?
    Where in the world can you find a chicken dancing with a fox in a dove’s attire?
    Where in the world can you find a country that is not a nation because the leaders are more interested in lining their pockets than the country roads?

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